Contains 7% glycolic acid, buffered to pH3.6, witch hazel extract, biomimetic factors (the same as our micellars) and amino acids (glycine, valine, arginine, isoleucine and alanine).
This daily-use product offers mild exfoliation for improved skin radiance and visible clarity. It also improves the appearance of skin texture with continued use.
The pH of this product is approximately 3.6. Glycolic Acid has a pKa of 3.6. pKa is the most important aspect to consider in formulating with acids, since it informs acid availability. When pH is close to pKa, the ideal balance between salt and acidity exists, maximising effectiveness of the acid and reducing irritation. Higher pH values increase salt, which makes the formula even more irritating than if the formula was more acidic.
Ideal for pre-peel preparation and conditioning too.
This product should not be used on sensitive, peeling or compromised skin. Please refer to additional sun protection note and other usage warnings.