OptoDerm Balance forms a lipid bilayer on the skin. This phospholipid bilayer interacts with the lipid bilayers within the stratum corneum to reinforce the skin’s natural barrier, protecting it from harmful substances and bacteria and preventing transepidermal water loss (TEWL) . Phospholipids contain relatively high amounts of linoleic acid, which plays an important role in the skins own synthesis of Ceramide 1, a lipid that is important for intact barrier function.
The niacinamide in Balance has an occlusive effect, without being greasy. A published study found that niacinamide was more effective than petrolatum (a common occlusive ingredient in moisturisers) in reducing water loss from the skin and in increasing its moisture levels. Niacinamide is also non-
Caffeine is a powerful anti-oxidant and also helps prevent the conversion of testosterone into DHT, a form of testosterone that leads to increased sebum production and clogged pores, in acne-prone skins. Zinc is a powerful anti-oxidant and also plays a role in inhibiting the production of DHT (see our blog).
Balance contains both sodium lactate and sodium PCA, as major NMF factors, as well as urea, glycine, fructose, ribose and inositol. These ingredients give Balance it’s unique biomimetic properties.